Databases Listed by Topic or Function

TOC/What is included here?

The focus here is online (web accessible) databases and reference works, but we have also listed a few old-fashioned books in areas where no online resources are available. Some of the databases are full-text but most are citation databases (i.e., author, title, etc. information is provided, but not the complete books or articles themselves). Full-text databases are marked as such. Resources are listed by topic of coverage when possible. Some resources are not topical and are listed by function (e.g., book reviews indexes or biographical directories).

The Resources

Universal/omni-topic resources useful in many different subject areas

  • Google Books. Notice this is books.google.com, not generic google.com. Google has scanned millions of books, including many theological works. Google Books allows you to display, copy, print, and download the complete contents of works published before 1923 because such works are no longer protected by copyright. Google Books displays limited portions of works that may still be protected by copyright law. In some cases publishers have granted permission to display rather large portions. Google does not support copying, printing, or downloading. Of course you are especially interested in more recent works for your research, so the free online books will not meet all your needs. Nevertheless, Google Books is a great way to identify relevant recent books that you can buy or borrow from a library. To locate books unavailable from DTS, just click the "Find this book in a library" link Google displays. This will search for the book in WorldCat. Supply your zip code and WorldCat will tell you which libraries near you own the book.
  • Google Scholar with proxy link. Notice this is scholar.google.com, not generic google.com. And notice if you connect to Google Scholar by using a link from the libarary website, it will include a proxy service. What does all of this mean? As always, Google Scholar attempts to retrieve only "scholarly" materials. (That seems to mean works that include footnotes and similar citations.) This is much more selective than generic google.com. In addition, links to Google Scholar from the library website provide something special: a proxy link so that licensed (paid, commercial, restricted-access) items retrieved by Google such as JSTOR articles will be authenticated through our proxy server. In other words you will be able to view more full-text articles with this link than you would be able to view if you just navigated to Google Scholar and searched without the proxy.
  • WorldCat.org is a key resource for almost any topic. It contains hundreds of millions of bibliographic records for books, articles and other media. It provides nearly exhaustive coverage of English language books and significant coverage of non-English works (but limited coverage of government documents and unpublished works like manuscripts and dissertations). Use LC subject headings just like you would in the library catalog, for example: "Bible Corinthians, 1st, xv" for 1 Cor 15. Click Advanced Search for more fields and options tonarrow the search. Uses grouping and Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT), but operators must be in ALL CAPS. Click on a title to see more detail about the item. Enter your zip code in the box that says "Enter your location" to locate libraries near. Click on the name of a library to search that library's catalog to see whether an item is available. Create a free account to construct lists and bibliographies. Defaults to relevance ranking, but ranks by author, title, and date as well. DTS owns only a tiny fraction of the works cited in WorldCat, but our InterLibrary Loan (ILL) department can borrow materials for you from libraries all over the United States. Allow two to four weeks delivery time.
  • WorldCat This is the OLD WorldCat and the old search engine.
  • E-books on EBSCO. Formerly NetLibrary. DTS has access to thousands of full-text ebooks, almost all dating from 1990 on. The collection covers a very broad range of topics including some of interest to seminarians even though most major theological publishers do not offer their books this way. You may search by author, title, subject. You may also search every word of every book. Search for a title using "and" "or" and "not".
  • EBSCO Academic Search provides indexing and abstracting for about 10,000 scholarly journals as of August 2010, including both articles and book reviews. The full-text for most articles is available online. This interdisciplinary index tries to cover everything but coverage is very unbalanced. AS is strong in the sciences but weak in theology, religion, history, philosophy, communication, and arts. Use it for sociology and social work, education, psychology and psychiatry. JSTOR is more helpful for humanities.
  • JSTOR includes over 1,200 full-text scholarly journals in the fields of history, archaeology, classics, the arts, literature, psychology and various sciences, education, language, and much more. Coverage of theology/religion is weak, but this database is a good complement to our religious resources. JSTOR provides complete retrospective access for each journal from the year of inception up to a recent cutoff date, but does NOT supply access to the most recent volumes. (Recent is defined by the publisher but usually means the three most recent years are not available. This is meant to protect income the publishers make from current subscriptions.) Includes articles and book reviews. You can go directly to JSTOR and search for articles. Search title, author, or full-text; limit by journal or discipline. Browse by discipline, journal, and issue. Use Boolean operators and some fancier features such as synonym expansion. Sorts by relevance, journal title, or year. You can also use Internet search engines like Google and Yahoo and MSN Live Search to find JSTOR articles. But if you are off the Dallas campus when you search via these search engines, then you will not be able to display the actual articles unless you login to the library proxy server to authenticate your relation to DTS. See our tech note on engaging the proxy authentication mechanism to display articles. This is the most confusing aspect to using JSTOR when you are off campus. It is not an issue when you are on the Dallas campus.
  • MasterFILE. Designed specifically for the Public Library user, EBSCO Masterfile covers a broad range of popular magazines and scholarly journals in many different subject areas, but it offers limited coverage of theology. Masterfile currently offers indexing and abstracts for nearly 2,830 general reference, business, consumer health, general science, and multi-cultural periodicals. The full-text of the articles is available online for nearly 1,880 of these magazines. Most full-text backfiles begin in the mid 1990s, while indexing and abstract backfiles go as far back as mid 1980s. Also included are Magill's Book Reviews, the Essential Documents in American History database, over 1.7 million company records from Dun & Bradstreet, and much more. EBSCO Academic Search is often a better resource for seminarians, but if you need access to popular magazines, try MasterFILE.
  • TexShare Databases The state of Texas provides this package of databases to any library in Texas for a modest fee. The package is especially helpful to K-12 schools and public libraries, but there are many good resources here for seminarians. If you don't find what you need in OCLC FirstSearch, then browse this list.
  • Ingenta. This database is available free to anyone. It cites articles from 25,000 periodicals, including popular magazines and scholarly journals on a very wide range of topics. Provides full-text to 4,500 journals, mostly scientific. Searching is free, but fee for document delivery ranges from $15 to $40 per article. Online, fax and mail delivery methods are supported. Includes old CARL Uncover database.
  • FindArticle. Online access to full-text of about 300 mostly nonreligious magazines FREE with advertising. Tip: most articles are displayed one page at a time. Use the "print this article" link to display the entire article at once.

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Christianity/Theology in general

  • Biblos, the catalog of Turpin Library, Dallas Theological Seminary. Biblos provides information about most (but not all) items owned by Turpin library, including nearly all print books, print journals, microforms, and AV materials. It lists over 15,000 ebooks. Biblos does not include records for individual essays in books, individual articles in journals, individual e-texts in big digital collections (like the TLG collection), or individual archival manuscripts.
  • Rare books at DTS. Over 290 items from Turpin Library's Special Collections are now available online! Dates of publication span five centuries, from the 1500s through the 1900s. Browse them at http://rarebooks.dts.edu. All of these books also have clickable links in BIBLOS.
  • ATLA Religion database. The American Theological Library Association Religion database is the key database for seminarians. ATLA provides good coverage of Christianity and selective but still helpful coverage of other religions, especially Islam, Hinduism and Judaism. It indexes articles and book reviews from most major English language theological journals and from some especially important non-English journals. It also indexes essays/chapters from selected festschriften, conference proceedings and other multi-author books. ATLA covers literature on Bible, theology, church history, pastoral ministries, Christian education, and world missions. ATLA focuses on scholarly theological literature but includes a significant sampling of non-scholarly publications about popular Christian culture and church life, especially from the mainline Protestant viewpoint. (For additional coverage of popular evangelical magazines, see Christian Periodical Index.) It provides very limited and incomplete coverage of denominationally specific matters like canon law. (For example, ATLA has an agreement with Catholic Periodical and Literature Index not to duplicate coverage of the many popular RC magazines CPLI covers.) As of late 2012, about 280,000 journal articles and book reviews are available online (about 15% of the 1.8 million articles and reviews cited in the database).
  • Religious and Theological Abstracts focuses on Christian theology (biblical studies, dogmatics, church history, pastoral ministries, Christian education, missions, etc.) but covers other religions, too. It provides informative abstracts for over 185,000 scholarly journal articles. Reading the abstracts is an extremely useful way to identify relevant literature and to overview a topic. RTA citations do not contain subject headings, and author names are entered in inconsistent ways, but all abstract and title words are searchable, including scripture passages in the abstracts. Although most articles in RTA are also in ATLA, RTA has many more search terms per article than ATLA (because of the abstracts). In other words, RTA gives you more opportunities to find a given article than ATLA does. RTA appears to be updated only once per year and may be as much as two years behind the journals it covers. Turpin Library owns most of the articles cited in RTA.
  • GCS: Theological Journals Search. A Google custom search which covers about 350 open access (free) religious magazines and journals.
  • Proquest religion journals. This is a smallish collection of full-text religious magazines and journals.
  • Index theologicus (IxTheo) encompases the older Zeitschrifteninhaltsdienst Theologie (ZID) current contents service. It indexes articles in theological journals and essays in selected books from 1984 to date. Journals are indexed within 24 hours of the time they are received at the Tübingen university library, so this is by far the most current theological database. Alas, citations do NOT link to full-text online articles. See our tutorial.
  • Index Religiosus is a promising but unfinished amalgum. It is based on the merging of two now defunct print sources: the annual "Bibliographie;" portion of the journal Revue d'Historie Ecclesiastique and the annual "Elenchus Bibliographicus" portion of the journal Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses. IR does not yet contain all the citations from all the old print volumes. As of Jan 2014, IR consists of 565,000 bibliographic and 123,000 book review references. Brepols promises to add about 185,000 records during 2014-2015. Topic coverage is broad. Focus is on bible, systematic/dogmatic theology, and church history, but it also covers pastoral theology, church education, christian aesthetics and many other topics. It cites books, journal articles, and book reviews. Emphasis is on scholarly works in European languages. Roman Catholic literature is particularly well covered. Both the old print bibliographies in ETL and RdHE listed citations according to their locally devised classified structures (outlines). The Index Religiosus database has converted these class categories into very broad subject headings. Note the two different classification systems used by ETL and RdHE mean there is enormous inconsistency in the combination. When you do an initial exploratory keyword search for a topic, be sure to examine results in detail to see what headings might be useful from the classification systems. Brepols promises "starting in 2014, new records will be indexed by a unique classification system." That may bring order to the present semi-chaos. The search engine supports logical operators (and, or, not) and the asterisk(*) as a wildcard. Help is available online, and introductory video tutorials are available on YouTube at www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL70371EFDB3812D9B. As this database grows it will be an increasingly important resource. For now you must still consult the print vols which are described below.
  • Although no longer published in print, from 1920 to 2014 the print volumes of the "Elenchus" section of the journal Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses were an important bibliography for Christian theology in the broad sense. See print vols of ETL for retrospective coverage. Print vols continue to be shelved at the index table. The database Index Religiosus is gradually replacing this resource.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: WorldCat and other databases in the Universal/Omni-topic databases group include material relevant to all areas of theology. See below for systematic theology and church history. The Biblical Studies section should be supplemented by Ancient World/ANE/Greco-Roman classics resources. Pastoral ministries/practical theology covers preaching, counseling, church administration, spirituality and religious life. Science, social science, and counseling resources, and general (secular) Education sections may be relevant for work in Christian education. Non-Christian religious and missions are treated together. The library has thousands of additional bibliographic and reference resources on a wide range of theological and secular topics. Ask reference staff about your particular needs. And remember, only a tiny fraction of the best theological literature is on the Internet. But consult Miscellaneous religious web sites for some of the better sites.

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Biblical studies

Elenchus Bibliographicus Biblicus of Biblica (shelved at the index table) is the most comprehensive bibliography for the field of biblical studies. Don't confuse it with Elenchus of ETL. EBB covers books, articles, essays, reviews, and dissertations in 20 languages from 1920 to present (although coverage before 1960 was not so comprehensive). EBB typically lags several years behind publications. EBB includes an author index, a scripture passage index, and Greek and Hebrew word indexes, but there is no specific subject index (in recent volumes), so you must browse under broad subject categories outlined in the table of contents for subject access. EBB can be difficult and time consuming to use, but it is essential if you need to be thorough. Ask reference staff for advice about how to use it efficiently. EBB is available in print volumes only although a database is being created. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, click EBB.

Old Testament Abstracts and New Testament Abstracts abstract journal articles and essays on the Bible, biblical languages, and history and archaeology of the biblical era. Most important English language biblical studies journals and many non-English journals are included. Abstracts are always in English. Emphasis is on scholarly literature, but some popular magazines are included. Many theological viewpoints are represented, but there is some emphasis on Roman Catholic sources. OTA and NTA are available online and also in print. As of August 2010, OTA database held 50,000 records (33,000 journal articles; 10,000 essays; 7,000 books) for literature dating from 1979 to date. As of August 2010, NTA database contained 45,000 article abstracts, 1,600 reviews, and 17,000 book abstracts. The NTA database covers publications dating from 1979. On the other hand, print vols of NTA begin with 1956. Eventually the database will be as complete as the print. The print volumes have scripture passage and Greek or Hebrew word indexes, but there are no subject headings so you must browse under broad subject categories outlined in the table of contents for subject access. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, click OTA or NTA.

IRBS/IZBG International Review of Biblical Studies (shelved at index table) provides abstracts of scholarly journal articles from 1951 to date. Most abstracts are in German. The subject classified arrangement requires you to browse broad subject categories. If the German is too much of a stumbling block, consider other sources of abstracts, especially Religious and Theological Abstracts or Old Testament Abstracts or New Testament Abstracts. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, click IRBS.

The library has over 70 printed bibliographies on individual books of the Bible. They are all shelved on the index table in the BS call number range. Some are annotated. Some are very thorough. Many are not. These tools can be major time savers for you. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of most but not all of these works, click here.

  • BILDI portion of THEOLDI. BILDI (Documentation for Biblical Literature, Innsbruck) cites scholarly journal articles, essays, books and book reviews in several languages on a variety of biblical and theological topics from 1985 to date. Most items in BILDI are also in ATLA, but BILDI provides more thorough coverage of European literature. There is both a German and an English Interface. Online help is available. BILDI is hosted by the University of Innsbruck and is available to everyone at no cost. Some tips:
    • Books of the Bible are abbreviated. Consult "Search for biblical passages" in Help at the top of the screen and click the listing of books for a list of abbreviations used.
    • Bible chapters are designated with two digits, but Psalms are designated with three digits. For example, write Luke 2 as LK 02.
    • Change the Max. field so that you can see more than 50 records. A search will retrieve up to 500 results.
    • Best practice is to search for chapters, not verses, and to terminate search terms with the asterisk (wildcard). For example: LK 02*
    • Best practice is to search for books of the Bible in the BI (basic index) field, not in the subject field since the subject field misses many results.
    • "?" is a wildcard that matches any single character. Use it to search for diacritics and special characters. For example, M?LLER will match Müller (note u umlat) or Miller, etc.
    • "*" matches zero or more following characters.
    • You may use the logical operators "AND", "OR", "NOT" within any field except year.
  • BiBIL BiBIL (Bibliographie Biblique Informatisée de Lausanne=Biblical Bibliography of Lausanne) cites scholarly journal articles, essays, and monographs in several languages primarily on biblical topics but also on theology in general. Coverage from 1950-1985 is very incomplete, but from 1986 to date a significant number of important journals are included. As of Sept 2003 there is now an English interface. Most works cited in BiBIL are also in ATLA, but BiBIL records are cataloged in distinctive ways, so it is a nice supplement to ATLA, particularly if you need to be thorough.
  • École Biblique et Archéologique Française indexes books, journal articles, and essays, most of them dealing with biblical exegesis and archeology of the Near East, as well as the language and literature of people of the Ancient Near East. Strong in Palestine and Qumran studies. Uses a French or English interface with French subjects. Search the Library Catalogue or Title field in English and examine hit records to find French subject headings. The gospel of Matthew, for example, is written "Matthieu NT". The advanced search allows you to choose a book, chapter, article, periodical, map, etc. Search indexes for author, series, or subject. The default search operator is AND. Search also with NOT and OR, but not *. Add records to a cart and e-mail the cart.
  • iTanakh indexes many useful Internet resources for the academic study and teaching of the Hebrew Bible. It includes links to ful-text articles, book reviews, and a few online primary sources. Covers biblical and related texts, languages, methods, geographic areas, and other topics. Alas, not annotated.
  • Old Testament Gateway is a substantial, annotated, academic listing of Internet sites, articles, and other resources. Covers OT, archaeology, commentaries, DSS, apocrypha, etc. Links to Hebrew Bible.
  • Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon (CAL). A lexicon in progress that will eventually contain all Aramaic words from 900 BCE until the Early Middle Ages. Website supports lemma searching, browsing text, creating concordances, searching for English glosses. Texts include targums, inscriptions, legal texts, ostraca, letters, manuscripts, religious texts, Peshitta, and much more. Hosted by the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati and available free to everyone.
  • Mark Goodacre's New Testament Gateway is probably the best gateway to NT Internet resources. It has annotated links to mostly scholarly materials about the NT, Greek language, hermeneutics, textual criticism, Judaica, Patristics, and modern culture. See also Torrey Seland's resources pages for biblical studies which is especially strong in NT backgrounds, customs and manners.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: ATLA, RTA, and WorldCat provide good coverage of biblical topics. Index Religiosus and the old print volumes of ETL supplement EBB.

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Systematic theology and church history

  • "Elenchus Bibliographicus" of the journal Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses is usually considered the most comprehensive source for systematic theology. See description above. But it is in the process of being replaced by the database Index Religiosus
  • See Philosopher's Index for technical philosophical literature, including topics like theism, ethics, epistemology, and some aspects of apologetics.
  • Calvinism Resources Database includes about 10,000 citations for journal articles, book essays, book reviews, and lectures. The list of journals indexed is unavailable but extensive. Browse by subject or author. Search by keyword, title, subject, author, journal, year, or abstract with Boolean AND and OR but no wildcard. Search and mark records. Save or print a bibliography from the marked records. Marks are deleted with a new search. As of Sept 2007, sorting works imperfectly, and records contain some typos. In some cases you must click a title to go to the fuller record for publication information, but these records cannot be added to a bibliography list. Maintained by the H. Henry Meeter Center for Calvin Studies and available free to all.

The main church history bibliographies are available in print volumes only. Revue d'Historie Ecclesiastique is the most comprehensive bibliography for the field of historical theology. It includes books, articles and book reviews. It is especially strong for 20th century, European, and Catholic history. It is gradually being replaced by the database Index Religiosus. Bibliographia Patristica is the largest bibliography for patristics/early church history, but it is now defunct. However, see the BIBP database below. Sixteenth Century Bibliography and Archiv fur Reformationsgeschichte are the main Reformation history bibliographies. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, click RHE or BP or SCB or AfR.

  • BIBP Patristics database BIBP (Base d'Information Bibliographique en Patristique) lists citations from major scholarly periodicals in the field of early and medieval church history. The native interface is in French, but you can use this database even if you don't know French. Subject headings usually appear in the records in both English and French, but you must use French words to search the subject headings ("descripteurs"). Ability to search English subjects is promised for the future. So you may wish to do an initial search for English title or abstract words, retrieve some records, discover the French subject headings, then execute a second much more complete search. You may use logical operators ET (and), OU (or) and the proximity operator ADJ (adjacent). To execute a search, click "Lancer la requete." BIBP is hosted by the University of Laval and is available to everyone free of charge.
  • Biblindex includes about 400,000 citations from the print volumes of Biblia Patristica, plus some unpublished data from the BP archives. Choose a specific scripture passage to retrieve citations for the writings of the fathers that refer to those passages. Currently (2012) in beta and giving incomplete results. The goal of the index is to allow users to identify quotations in all Jewish and Christian literature of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. The Institute of Christian Sources leads the project, and the French Research Agency supports it and makes the database available freely to all.
  • Iter indexes literature pertaining to the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400-1700), including journal articles, books, essays in books, and book reviews. Religious topics are prominent. As of 2009 there were about one million citations.
  • Corpus Thomisticum includes The complete works of Thomas Aquinas in latin according to high quality critical texts. The Index provides access to Searchable lemmatized latin texts. There is also an extensive searchable bibliography on Aquinas and his doctrine. Freely available to everyone.
  • Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity. Important for the study of Christianity, rabbinic Judaism, pre-Islamic Arabs, and early Islam. Includes more than 14,000 bibliographic entries (as of Feb. 2012), some of which were culled from existing on-line bibliographic databases, print bibliographies, and journals. Primarily includes Western scholarship but is adding works of scholars from Asia and the Middle East. Search by author's name, words in title, keywords, or time periods (centuries or epochs, e.g. VII-XVIII CE) and limit by date of publication. Browse by author, year, keyword, or era. Freely available to everyone from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
  • Bibliography on Christianity in Palestine/Eretz Israel. Started in 2000 with the goal of offering a comprehensive bibliography on Christianity in Palestine. Includes dissertations as well as articles, essays, and books. Search by author's name, words in title, keywords, or time periods (centuries or epochs using roman numerals, e.g. XX CE) and limit by date of publication. Browse by author, year, keyword, or era. Keywords may include a chronological categorization. Freely available to everyone from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
  • Jonathan Edwards Center at Yale University has published online both the 26 volumes of Edwards' works in print and the 47 volumes of his previously unpublished material. Includes sermons, notebooks, essays, letters and personalia. Includes secondary sources such as biographies, a chronology, audio, video and images. Offers phrase searching, scripture lookup, and concording. Both searchable and browseable. Indexes sermons by date and biblical reference. As of Feb. 2012 the project is nearly complete, but a few features are incomplete or not yet working. Yale University offers the database free to anyone.
  • Digital Karl Barth Library is slated to eventually include the complete published works of Karl Barth, supplemented by photos, audio files, and unpublished correspondence. Some of the material will be available in both German and English. Already Church Dogmatics is available in both languages.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: ATLA, RTA, and WorldCat provide good coverage of systematic theology and church history.

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Pastoral ministries/practical theology/denominational resources

  • Christian Periodical Index indexes articles and book reviews from over 100 evangelical periodicals. Includes both popular and scholarly titles. Some overlap with ATLA, but many unique titles. CPI is a good guide to popular evangelical culture and religious life. Subject, author, and book review indexes. Online coverage begins in 1975; print vols begin coverage in 1956. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, click CPI paper.
  • RIM. The Research in Ministry database lists and abstracts most but not all North American DMin dissertations (over 9,000 as of Feb 2005). You may search by author, title, subject, keyword, etc. Keyword includes words from titles, subjects, abstracts. ATLA provides free access to this resource, but the number of simultaneous users is limited because ATLA has to pay a license fee for each user. So when you try to use RIM you may get a message that all sessions are in use. If so, try later.
  • Bible.org provides access to the full-text of many bible study helps, and expositional works from an evangelical viewpoint. This is also the home of the NET Bible translation.
  • Catholic Periodical and Literature Index covers Roman Catholic periodicals, essay collections, church documents, papal documents and electronic resources expressly addressing the practice and intellectual tradition of Roman Catholicism. 1981 to the present. Emphasis on popular English language publications, but expanding coverage of scholarly literature from 2012.
  • Christian Reformed Church Periodical Index Contains over 100,000 citations to publications of institutions of the Christian Reformed Church or to related publications, 1866 to date. Includes Banner and Banner of Truth. For a complete list of periodicals indexed click About. To search, click Advanced Search and enter search terms. Boolean AND and OR supported within and between fields. Choose the field: options include subject or author browse as well as standard fields. Sort by author, title, date, etc. Specify the publication if you wish and click Search. Mark citations of interest and click Print Bib to see the list of marked records. From here you can sort, print, or copy. Marks are cleared after each new search. For detailed information about this resource, see Greg Sennema's "The Christian Reformed Church Periodical Index: A Local Solution to Indexing Periodicals," Journal of Religious and Theological Information 5 (2003): 119-34. CRCPI is maintained by Hekman Library staff of Calvin College and volunteers from around North America. It is freely available to all.
  • The Seventh-day Adventist Periodical Index, produced at Andrews University, provides indexing for about 40 SDA periodicals covering 1977 to present. Retrospective indexing continues to push the date back. Most are popular/nonscholarly, and apparently not indexed elsewhere. Many of the articles cited are available online. Search by subject, author, article title, or journal title.
  • Restoration Serials Index indexes articles from about 80 periodicals produced within the restoration movement (Church of Christ). Most are popular/nonscholarly, and apparently not indexed elsewhere. Many are very hard to find. Search by keyword, subject, author, or title. Search engine allows one word per field with logical operators between fields. Available free to anyone .
  • The Vick Library Index lists some conservative, fundamentalist, and Baptist literature which is not indexed elsewhere. Includes citations to over 42,000 periodical articles, encyclopedia articles, book reviews, and theses from 1951 to present. Mostly popular, nonscholarly literature. Search engine does not support logical operators but retrieves records containing all terms entered. Search by keyword in author, title, subject, or summary. Limit by year, item type, or publication title. Browse by subject or author. Available free to anyone courtesy of Baptist Bible College.

Southern Baptist Periodical Index covers popular magazines and a few scholarly journals by and for Southern Baptists, including official denominational magazines and some independent publications. It includes author, title, subject, and book review indexes. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, click SBPI

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: Dealing with marriage counseling? Youth problems? Poverty? Drug addiction? See the Science, social science, and counseling resources section for insights from sociology, psychology, economics, criminology, medicine, and anthropology. See Communication Abstracts for information about communication and public speaking. Business resources may help you with Christian leadership and church administration studies.

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AV Production aids

Many resources including video clips, photos, clipart, music, sounds, fonts are available in the Media Center to help you create AV pieces. Here are some of the more important digital collections.

  • Clipart.com from Jupiter Images. Online database of photos, clipart, webart and fonts. Not specifically religious. You can see a description here, but to use it, you must go to the media center and ask staff to logon for you.
  • Digital Juice DVDs. Includes sound effects, juice drops, background music, and video clips. These must be accessed via the proprietary Juicer 3 software (free to download). The DVDs cannot be removed from the Media Center.
  • Pictorial Library of Bible Lands. 4500 high resolution photographs of important places in the biblical regions including Galilee, Samaria, Jerusalem, Judah, Jordan, Egypt, Turkey, Greece and Rome. Available on cdroms in media center.
  • CDRI Image Database. Images of theological import. Woodcuts, photographs, slides, papyri, coins, maps, postcards, manuscripts, lithographs, sermons, shape-note tune books, Christian art, architecture, and iconography. Warning: the default search operator is AND, but logical operators (AND, OR, and NOT) are among the stopwords ignored by this search engine.

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Non-Christian religions and missions

  • Science of Religion. SR abstracts about 600 scholarly articles per year on social, cultural and philosophical studies of religion in the general and on specific world religions. Although it includes material on Christianity, it is most useful for non-Christian religions. SR is currently available in print volumes only. Each volume has an author index. There is a separate cumulative subject index for vols 1-18. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, check here: Science of Religion.
  • Internet Sacred Text Archive. Largest full-text archive of "holy books" on the net. Covers religion, mythology, legend, folk-lore, occult, and sacred books or canonical texts in many religious traditions (Koran, Bible, Gita, etc.)
  • National Library of Israel has not only Aleph, the catalog of the library, but also RAMBI and Qiryat Sepher. RAMBI lists citations from scholarly periodicals on all aspects of Judaica, modern and ancient, (including biblical studies and rabbinics), and area studies of the land of Israel. It is possible to search (and display) in both English and Hebrew. Subject headings for books of the Bible look like this: Genesis (Book of): 14. Qiryat Sepher lists all books published in Israel in all fields and all languages. It also lists many books from other countries dealing with Judaism and Israel.
  • Index Islamicus. II lists journal articles and books on Islamic culture and history. Much of the material is in Arabic. II is currently available in print volumes only. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, check here: Index Islamicus.
  • International Mission Bibliography, 1960-2000. A one volume print bibliography which lists carefully selected books (no articles) on missions. Provides one sentence abstracts. Shelved in bibliographic center, Z7817 .I58 2003.
  • International Review of Mission. From 1912 through 2009, the print volumes of the journal IRM included a very important serialized bibliography on mission. It cited both scholarly journal articles and books in several languages. All aspects of missions and evangelism were covered. Cumulative Bibliography of the International Review of Mission (webdb.ucs.ed.ac.uk/divinity/cmb/), a database based on IRM, is no longer accessible online but may reappear. For full bibliographic information and holdings details of print volumes of IRM, check here: International Review of Mission.
  • Missionalia Abstracts. From 1973 to 2005 the journal Missionalia abstracted articles on missions. The classified structure is supplemented by skimpy geographical and subject index. MA is available in print volumes only. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, check here: Missionalia Abstracts.
  • Bibliographia Missionaria. The main annual Roman Catholic bibliography on world missions. Thorough. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, check here: Bibliographia Missionaria.
  • Theology in Context. Now defunct, TiC indexed theological journal articles published in non-Western countries. Arranged by country and journal (!) Subject and Author indexes. Good currency. Use for non-Western viewpoint on theological topics and current religious events. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, check here: Theology in Context. Similar in concept is the two volume International Christian Literature Documentation Project lists printed materials that document Christian life and mission in the nonwestern world up to 1993.
  • Researching World Christianity. English language doctoral dissertations on Christianity outside the West (i.e., excluding Christianity in Europe, Australasia, and North America). Very good coverage of missions. Also available at International Bulletin of Missionary Research website.
  • GlobeTheoLib (Global Digital Library on Theology and Ecumenism) is sponsored by the World Council of Churches and focuses on intercultural theology and ecumenism, including contextual theologies, world mission and missiology, gender and theology, interreligious dialogue, theological education, and World Christianity. It offers access to more than 200,000 texts, including journals, magazines, books, training material, dissertations and news documents. Content comes from licensed materials, harvested open-source materials, and submissions from registeredusers, both individuals and institutions. Users must register, but use is free of charge. As of 10/2011 the database is still in beta and has a problem with filtering. Search results on the main libraries screen may differ from those on the dedicated GlobeTheoLib screen as well.
  • For older material, see the print vols of the Dictionary Catalog of the Missionary Research Library.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: ATLA, and RTA provide good coverage of missions, but very limited coverage of non-Christian religions. WorldCat covers all religions and missions. Anthropology Online has useful material for missionary studies of some people groups and cultural practices.

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Miscellaneous religious web sites

  • Wabash Center Gateway provides links to religious and especially Christian Internet resources. Aims to serve needs of clergy and seminary faculty and students.
  • Yale's Research Guide for Christianity. Excellent annotated guide to library and Internet resources selected to meet the needs of the average seminarian. Links to library catalogs, key theological reference books, journals, internet sites, primary sources. Includes many books and resources not available over the Internet.
  • Christian Classics Ethereal Library is a collection of free full-text documents. Mostly book length classics including the Bible, commentaries, hymns, sermons, many texts from the history of Christianity and some fiction. This is one of the largest sites for public domain religious books.

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Ancient world/Archaeology/ANE/Greco-Roman classics resources

  • BAR Online includes the full-text of Biblical Archaeology Review, Bible Review, and a few other BAS published magazines and books, all of which focus on biblical archaeology. Articles include clickable photos and illustrations, Bible citations, and footnotes. Page numbers and page breaks are not included in articles, so it is better to use the paper copies for exact bibliographic citations. In Browse mode select a magazine issue by title of magazine, volume, number, or date. In search mode lookup articles by Any Word, Title, Author, or Subject. If you type multiple words in Any Word, it will search the full text of the articles and retrieve articles which contain all the words. It will not highlight hit words in the article; you can use Find in your browser for that.
  • ABZU is probably the biggest and best listing of mostly scholarly works (books, articles and websites) on the Ancient Near East. There is no topical organization for browsing, and entries are not annotated. Records do have subject headings, and the site is searchable.
  • Keilschriftbibliographie (KeiBi). This is the International Cuneiform Bibliography from the journal Orientalia. The online version is incomplete as of 2012, but the intention is to digitize all volumes from the inception of the paper version in 1940 to the two most recent volumes. Choose Advanced Search on the left-hand menu to find items that meet specific criteria. Choose Bibliographies to search by volume. Search uses Boolean operators, AND, OR, OR NOT, and AND NOT. Quotes denote a phrase, the wildcard * multiple characters, and the wildcard ? a single character. Type a title as it appears in the record, whether it is the full name of the title or an abbreviation. Enter an author or editor name as Surname, First name or initial. Use the Bibliographies menu option and click PropylaeumSEARCH to find subject information, locations (usually European), and other information about an item you find. You can save entries from a results list and go to Saved Entries on the left-hand menu to print or export them. Records are exported in BibTeX format and can be imported into Zotero. KeiBi is freely available to all from the University of Tübingen.
  • AIGYPTOS aims to provide full coverage of publications in the field of Egyptology from 1978 to date. Currently adds three to five thousand records annually. Lists books, dissertations, articles, and reviews. No full-text, but includes publication information, ISBN, subjects, and keywords in British English even for non-English titles. Click the flag for an English interface and follow instructions for entering the database. The Search page describes use of Boolean operators. Over a dozen searchable fields with a browse index available for any field. Click on a title in the results list for more detail. See Help for instructions on searching. Aigyptos is a joint project of the Institute of Egyptology of the University of Munich and the Department of Egyptology at the University of Heidelberg and is available to all at no cost.

The annual "Keilschrift" (cuneiform) bibliography in the journal Orientalia and various annual bibliographies in Archive fur Orientforschungen on Assyriology, Egyptology, etc., are important for ANE studies and OT backgrounds. They are available in print volumes only. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, click Orientalia or AfO.

  • Orion Dead Sea Scrolls database. Covers articles, essays, and books on scholarship on the Dead Sea Scrolls from 1995 to the present. Updated weekly. Search by author, language (non-English), date of publication, or keyword. Results display as a list of citations except for a keyword search. A keyword search brings up date and author, but click any result for the complete citation. Tips for keyword searching at end of page. Greek and Hebrew letters may not display properly. This bibliography is a joint project with the journal, Revue de Qumran, and appears in that journal twice a year. You must check the pre-1995 vols of RQ for older material. Provided by the Orion Center at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Free to all.
  • Online Responsa Project=Global Jewish Database. Hebrew Bible and traditional Jewish commentaries, the Babylonian Talmud with Rashi's commentary and Tosafot, the Jerusalem Talmud, the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides, Shulchan Aruch with commentaries, Midrashim, and hundreds of books of responsa. Grammatical tools. Excellent source for rabbinic sources. 100% Hebrew language; no English. Even chapters and verse numbers of the bible are in Hebrew, not Arabic numerals. Login is not necessary in order to search (in Hebrew) and view a result list. But if you wish to view detailed context for search results, you must login as a subscriber or register as a guest.
  • Rabbinic texts in Hebrew. Free access to Bible, Mishnah, Talmud, Tosefta, Mishneh Torah (Maimonides). Hebrew interface; no English.
  • Talmud, Soncino English translation.
  • National library of Israel
  • L’Année philologique indexes journal articles and books from 1928 to date concerning all aspects of classical studies from second millennium BC to about 600 AD, including Greek and Latin literature and linguistics, early Christian texts and patristics, Greek and Roman history, art, archaeology, philosophy, religion, mythology, music, science, and scholarly subspecialties such as numismatics, papyrology and epigraphy. Abstracts of journal articles are in English, German, Spanish, French or Italian. Books entries often include tables of contents and book review information. Turpin Library owns only a fraction of the material cited in APh, but you can use interlibrary loan to obtain copies of articles provided you can wait several weeks for delivery. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, click APh.
  • Perseus. Search and display full-text of ancient Greek and Latin primary source documents. Links to lexicons and sometimes to English translations. Extremely useful site for NT studies. If you have never used Perseus, see our one page intro to Perseus.
  • Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) includes nearly all surviving literary Greek texts dating from 8th century B.C. to A.D. 600, and the majority of surviving works up the fall of Byzantium in A.D. 1453. As of Oct 2012 it includes 105 million words, 12,000 full-text documents by 4,000 authors. It does not include "non-literary" documents like business records, general correspondence, inscriptions, etc. Find information about the authors and works included in the TLG Library in the Canon of Greek Authors and Works at the TLG website. See our Introduction to Searching TLG. Wondering what the difference is between Perseus and TLG? Perseus provides convenient English translations for a limited but important body of searchable Greek text. TLG offers no English, but covers far, far more Greek text. Both provide links to LSJ lexicon entries. Use Perseus to save time. Use TLG to be thorough. See also LSJ (Liddell, Scott, Jones) Greek Lexicon linked to TLG site. To confuse you even more, there is also an abridged TLG covering 900 works by 67 authors. This abridged version is available free to anyone.
  • LSJ. This online version of the Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon gives each word in the lexicon its own entry. Navigate to any of these Greek headwords using the left menu or type the Latin alphabet equivalent of Greek letters in the search box. Access pop-up snippets of the immediate context of cross-referenced text for each lexical entry. The lexicon searches the full TLG corpus for users who have an institutional subscription and TLG's abridged online demo version otherwise.
  • The Searchable Greek Inscriptions database currently (May 2007) contains Greek inscriptions from Greece (including Crete, Cyprus, Thrace), the north coast of the Black Sea, Syria, Egypt, North Africa, Germany, and unknown provenances organized by period and corpora just like the IG outline. Browse by geographic area or search for words and phrases. Includes all Greek inscriptions formerly on the PHI cdrom, and PHI plans to expand the database. These inscriptions are NOT included in TLG (which consists of literary texts only). This website requires a Java enabled browser. Available free from Packard Humanities Institute. See our SGI tutorial for a brief intro to searching this database.
  • The Leuven Database of Ancient Books (LDAB) lists sources for images, facsimiles, transcriptions and related information about ancient texts. Over 8000 Greek MSS. Uses phrase searching. Boolean operators not supported, but wildcarding is automatic. Use New Testament as author name. For book name, use book of the Bible; e.g., Hebrews, Romans, but Mt for Matthew, and Joh for John. Try abbreviations to bring up the correct form. To search include necessary information only. For example, to investigate Heb 3:13 in P13, type P13 in the Repertories field and type Hebrews in the Book field. Specifying chapter and verse will miss the record for "Hebrews 2.14-5.5; 10-12". Sort by author, date, etc., as desired. This database is a free public Internet resource.
  • Electronic Resources for Classicists is one of the most comprehensive sites on the web for this narrow topic. It includes annotated links to all sorts of resources.
  • Classical Latin Texts contains most literary Latin texts up to A.D. 200. Enter from Home by agreeing to the terms of use. Find links at the upper left for Authors, Word Search, and Concordance. Click Authors to retrieve a list of classical authors. Choose an author for a list of works, and choose a work to read the text. Use Word Search to search for a word, phrase, or words related by specific operators. Click the gear icon for the list of operators or to set up filters for authors or works. The program does character string searches but allows for word breaks. Use Concordance to retrieve a line of text for each occurrence of your word or phrase with the citation on the left. Click a citation to go to the text. Classical Latin Texts is provided free of charge by the Packard Humanities Institute.
  • Loeb Classical Library Online. LCL includes more than 520 volumes of Greek and Latin texts with English translations. Search by author, title, words in Greek and Latin texts, and words in English translation. Use quotation marks to delimit an exact phrase. Advanced search supports "OR" and "AND" operators. You can also do an initial search for a single word, then pick "Search within Results" to specify an additional word. Texts are not lemmatized or morphologically tagged. Use TLG, Perseus, and Logos when you need advanced grammatical search options. Use Loeb to display Greek with corresponding English translation.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: Biblical studies section cover archaeology, history, and culture of the Biblical world. NLI offers full coverage of Jewish history from all time periods, but include much literature written in Hebrew. WorldCat lists books on all aspects of the ancient world.

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Humanities/Philosophy/Language/Literature/Arts

  • Humanities Full Text covers many important academic journals in the humanities. It provides the full text of articles from over 300 periodicals dating back to 1995, and indexing for almost 700 journals dating as far back as 1984. Includes articles, interviews, bibliographies, obituaries, original works of fiction, drama, and poetry, and reviews of books, ballets, dance programs, motion pictures, musicals, radio and television programs, plays, operas, etc.
  • Essay and General Literature Index cites essays in books on a wide range of topics, but it does not cover theology well. (ATLA does).
  • Philosopher's Index cites scholarly journal articles, essays, books, and book reviews, published from 1940 to the present in English and major European languages. Most articles and essays, and many books, are abstracted. PI focuses on aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, and metaphysics, but also includes literature on philosophy of education, history, science, religion and other fields. Try sample searches for religion, faith, free will, theism, interpretation (= hermeneutics), philosophical anthropology (= nature of man), soul and resurrection to get a feel for the range of useful topics covered.
  • PhilPapers cites articles from 300+ online philosophy journals, plus unpublished comments posted to the websites of about 1,900 philosophers.
  • Twentieth Century Poetry. Full-text of over 1000 volumes of English and American 20th century poetry. Useful for sermon illustrations.
  • Gale Literature Databases and Literature Resource Center. Full-text information about important works of fiction, including biographies of authors, plot summaries, critical essays and journal articles. Includes Contemporary Authors, Contemporary Literary Criticism, Dictionary of Literary Biography, Scribners Writers series, and Twayne's Authors series. Search by author, title, keyword, genre, time period, etc.
  • EBSCO Literary Reference Center is a full-text database that includes plot summaries, articles of literary criticisms, author biographies, 693,000 book reviews, classic and contemporary poems, classic and contemporary short stories, and about 8,200 classic texts.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: WorldCat and other databases in the Universal/Omni-topic databases group include material relevant to humanities.

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Education resources

  • ERIC (direct) and also ERIC (via EBSCO). As of August 2010, ERIC cites and abstracts over 1.3 million items in the field of [secular] education, of which about 860,000 are journal articles and 500,000 are unpublished ERIC documents, plus a few books and theses. Covers all educational levels. Does not cover religious education per se. 1966 to the present. Utilizes ERIC thesaurus for subject headings. ERIC links about a third of its records to the full-text documents through EBSCO.
  • Professional Development Collection. This education database was designed for teachers. Covers everything from child development to theories and practices of different teaching methods. Indexes 500 journals and provides full-text for many of these, including book reviews. Most but not all items in the Professional Development collection are also in Academic Search.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: WorldCat and other databases in the Universal/Omni-topic databases group as well some databases in the social sciences group (below) are relevant to education. But for religious education, use ATLA.

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Science, social science, health, and counseling resources

  • Agricola. Millions of articles and books on every major agricultural subject from 1970 to present.
  • MEDLINE via EBSCO. Medline provides very full international coverage of scholarly literature in the fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and health care systems, 1950 to date. Full coverage of psychiatry, limited coverage of clinical psychology and practitioner counseling literature. Over 15 million articles indexed and abstracted from over 10,000 sources. The EBSCO version of MEDLINE includes links to full-text articles for about 350 journals from the past few years. This is just a tiny percentage of MEDLINE. Nearly all of MEDLINE is also available at a free government website called PubMed and you may decide you like the PubMed interface better than the EBSCO interface. Citations to many of the journals are linked to the full-text on the publisher's web sites, and many of the federally funded studies are now becoming available free, but in most cases there is a fee or subscription required to display the articles. Provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • Alt HealthWatch. Popular (non-scholarly) literature on alternative, complementary, and holistic approaches to health and wellness, some integrated with new-age views on spirituality.
  • Health Reference Center Academic. Indexing for 600 health and medical journals. Full-text for most of these. Also Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, and PDR Family Guide to Health and Nutrition. Links to health web sites. Many book reviews. Of course MEDLINE is far more comprehensive for scholarly articles.
  • Clinical Pharmacology. Provides concise discussions for all US prescription drugs, many herbal and nutritional supplements, and many over-the-counter health products.
  • PsycARTICLES contains more than 163,000 full-text articles from nearly 80 scholarly journals in the field of psychology, including all the APA journals. It includes all journal articles, book reviews, letters to the editor, and errata from each journal. PsycARTICLES uses the same controlled vocabulary Thesaurus of subject headings as PsycINFO. Although it is possible to search the PsycARTICLES database by itself, we suggest students search PsycINFO instead. The two databases are linked, so any citation in PsycINFO that matches a PsycARTICLES document will display a clickable link to download the pdf from PsycARTICLES. PsycINFO is also linked to several other full-text databases, so PsycINFO is the key to accessing full-text from many sources.
  • PsycINFO as of August 2010 lists 3 million citations to technical scientific literature in the field of psychology and psychological aspects of related disciplines including anthropology, business, medicine, education, law, linguistics, and sociology. Thorough coverage of clinical psychology and counseling. It includes citations to journal articles in dozens of languages from the 1800s to date and citations to books (1597 to date) and dissertations (1930s to date) primarily in English. Remember to use the MEDLINE database if you need access to psychiatric literature and the ATLA database if you need to find literature about counseling from a religious perspective or in a religious context.
  • Psychology and behavioral science collection. Indexes 500 journals. Covers emotional and behavioral characteristics, psychiatry & psychology, mental processes, anthropology, and related fields. Provides full-text of most of the articles online. Most but not all items in Psychology collection are also in Academic Search.
  • Sage Online. Over 140,000 full-text articles from 400 social science journals from 1999 to date. Covers a broad range of disciplines including Anthropology, Communication and Media Studies, Criminology, Education, Family Studies, Language and Linguistics, Management, Psychology and Counseling, Social Work, and Sociology.
  • Taylor and Francis Online. Provides access to 1,100 social science and humanities journals, with coverage from 1997 to date. Covers a broad range of disciplines including Anthropology, Archaeology, Arts, Humanities, Behavioral Science, Business, Management, Economics, Criminology, Education, Geography, Planning, Urban Studies, Environment, Media, Cultural and Communication Studies, Politics, International Relations and Area Studies, Public Health and Social Care, and Sociology.
  • Anthropology Index Online. AIO database, based on the print Anthropological Index to Current Periodicals in the Museum of Mankind, lists citations from 700 scholarly periodicals in the field of anthropology from 1970 to present. Focus is on less technologically developed cultures. AIO includes much material on people groups and culture of interest to world missions. Search operators are very limited. Logical "and" is assumed if you type a phrase. You may use a single logical "or" within a field. You may not combine terms such as "yoruba and (religion or divination or shaman)". Truncation is automatic in the "match anywhere" field. Copies of articles are available at cost from the British Library. AIO is hosted by the (British) Museum of Mankind and is available at no cost to non-commercial users via the Internet. BM will mail photocopies of most articles for a fee.
  • Bibliography of Native North Americans. Including archaeology, history, culture, legend, religion, and modern life of North American Indians.
  • Population Index On the Web. 1986 - present. Updated annually. Covers all fields of interest to demographers. Contains selective indexing with abstracts from journals, books, working papers, doctoral dissertations and other sources. Citations are not written in standard form. The first title is in italics whether it is a book, essay, or article. Read citations carefully to avoid confusion. May be helpful for missions. Free.
  • GreenFILE Covers all aspects of human impact on the environment.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: WorldCat and other databases in the Universal/Omni-topic databases group include material relevant to the sciences.

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Economics, business and consumer resources

  • Business Source. Provides full coverage of business in the US, including management, leadership, economics, finance, accounting, international business and current business news. Indexing and abstracting for 2,680 periodicals, of which 2,260 are available in full-text. Dun & Bradstreet's Company Directory is also included. Book reviews.
  • Business Abstracts includes not just abstracts but full text of articles from more than 510 periodicals dating back to 1995. Includes product evaluations, interviews, biographical sketches, corporate profiles, surveys, statistical rankings, book reviews and reports from associations, societies, trade shows, and conferences. Some coverage of leadership and management. EBSCO Business Source is more complete.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: WorldCat and other databases in the Universal/Omni-topic databases group include material relevant to leadership and business. Of course ATLA is the best index for Christian leadership and church administration.

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General encyclopedias

  • Funk and Wagnall's Encyclopedia. Full-text general reference encyclopedia containing 25,000 articles designed to match curricular needs of elementary, middle, and high school students. Updated annually.

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Biographical indexes and dictionaries

  • Sorry, Biography and Genealogy Master Index and Biography Index are no longer available

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Statistics and brief facts

  • ARDA/Association of Religion Data Archives offers hundreds of data collections on religion. The ARDA collection includes data on churches and church membership, religious professionals, and religious groups. Find denominational profiles, syllabi for religion courses, statistics for topics on religion, and religious profiles for virtually all countries of the world and any county or city or state in the U.S. See results of online surveys; watch worship services of different religious groups; and explore cross-national data sources on religion.
  • Fedstats provides access to a wealth of US government statistics on demographics, crime, economics, education, environment, health, etc. Includes full-text of the paper edition of the Statistical Abstract of the US, long considered the best one volume compendium of statistics. This is a great resource.

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Book and media review indexes

  • ATLA Religion database cites 350K book reviews from theological journals, some in full-text. It is the biggest database of theological book review citations (but of course Elenchus is more comprehensive for biblical studies). ATLA excludes brief book notes.
  • Review of Biblical Literature provides full-text of substantive reviews of scholarly literature in biblical studies. Updated weekly but the books tend to be about two years old before they are reviewed. About 400 reviews per year. Sponsored by Society for Biblical Literature. Free to anyone.
  • Book Review Digest provides complete book reviews on a wide range of topics. For theological book reviews, ATLA is usually more helpful than BRD.
  • Gale Literature Databases and Literature Resource Center contain many book reviews and author critiques of famous works of fiction.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: Many of the general/omni-topic full-text databases contain reviews, e.g., AcademicSearch, and JSTOR. In these databases you must search by the book title. The book author is not in the record. Sometimes you will find reviews in newspapers.

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News/Current events resources

  • Newspaper Source. Full-text of 30 national newspapers including the Christian Science Monitor from 1995 and the Los Angeles Times from 2000 to the present. Also selected business and news related articles from 200 regional U.S. newspapers. No longer includes Dallas Morning News. Some book reviews.
  • Internet news archives, SLA. "Special Library Association news archive lists hundreds of newspapers that provide the full-text of the papers, often free of charge. Emphasis is on U.S. papers."

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Dissertation indexes

  • ProQuest Dissertations. Formerly Dissertation Abstracts International. Cites nearly every US PhD/ThD dissertation accepted by an accredited school since 1861. Provides full-text downloads for many but not all dissertations listed. Includes few dissertations outside the US. Long abstracts since about 1980. Subject headings are very broad (e.g., religion, biblical studies). By default searches Title and abstract and all the words of the text. If you are retrieving too many irrelevant citations, then just search the title and/or abstract field. If you are retrieving too few, 'OR' many synonyms together since the topic you want is probably expressed in many different ways with many different words in this database. Most DMin dissertations are NOT in this database.
  • Dissertation Express. This is the companion order service for DAI (above). Search by author, title, or order number. Cannot search or display abstracts. Use DAI (above) for subject searching. Use Dissertation Express to purchase copies of dissertations with your credit card. Includes DTS dissertations. Older dissertations are available only in paper or microform; more recent ones (generally from 1980 to date) are also available as digital images. A typical dissertation download is 12 to 14 megabytes. If you want a DTS dissertation, try DTS PhD dissertations free online. This is just a subset of Dissertation Express, limited to DTS dissertations only. It enables you to download free copies of DTS dissertations, ca 1980 to date, and to purchase copies of older dissertations.
  • No doubt you are already familiar with WorldCat. Remember this database includes a fairly large number of published and unpublished dissertations on all topics and in many languages, but US coverage is far more extensive than other countries. On the advanced search screen, select "subtype limit" and you will have the option of limiting search results to theses and dissertations. This option seems to yield mostly unpublished dissertations.
  • RIM. The Research in Ministry database lists and abstracts most but not all North American DMin dissertations. You may search by author, title, subject, keyword, etc. Keyword includes words from titles, subjects, abstracts. ATLA provides free access to this resource, but the number of simultaneous users is limited because ATLA has to pay a license fee for each user. So when you try to use RIM you may get a message that all sessions are in use. If so, try later.
  • Researching World Christianity. English language doctoral dissertations on Christianity outside the West (i.e., excluding Christianity in Europe, Australasia, and North America). Very good coverage of missions.
  • Search the TREN database for masters theses and some scholarly conference papers. Over 13,000 items. Search by title, author, institution, degree, subject, year, or conference. Search options include a drop-down list of schools and conferences. Items are available in paper, fiche, and some as pdf downloads. Pay by credit card over a secure website.

Unpublished dissertations outside the US are often hard to identify and even harder to obtain. Delivery may take many weeks, and sometimes there are substantial charges. But here are some possible sources.

  • CRL Catalog. Center for Research Libraries houses over 4 million traditional and digital resources, mostly older works and low use items. Most are not in WorldCat, including thousands of foreign doctoral dissertations. Searches are free but document delivery is expensive: photocopies and loans are $170. If you already have a specific author and title in mind, they will tell you over the phone if they have a copy in stock: 800-621-6044.
  • Amicus/National Library of Canada. The advanced search allows limiting a search to theses/dissertations. To limit to unpublished dissertations, AND your subject with the keyword 'leaves'. (Unpublished manuscripts have leaves, not pages.) Some theses are available as free full-image/full-text pdf downloads.

The Aslib Index to Theses (www.theses.com) lists and abstracts most UK doctoral theses, 1970-2001. The British Thesis Service (BTS) will sell copies for about $100 per title, and the Aslib database links to the BTS. DTS does not currently have a subscription to this database. By the way, the British Library public catalog does not include unpublished dissertations even though the BTS collection is part of the BL, so don't bother fishing in that pond. (You will find published dissertations in the BL public catalog.)

EThOS Electronic Thesis Online Service offers access to full-text doctoral theses from participating UK Higher Education Institutions right to your desktop and usually for free. It contains over 250,000 records at this time (3/2009), but most are non-theological, so don't get too excited. To see a thesis, create a login and check the agreement to honor the conditions of use. After that you may download the thesis to print and/or store it electronically for an unlimited time. If you want to read a thesis that EThOS has not digitized, you may request it from them. Staff from EThOS will inform you when the thesis is ready for download or will let you know if they are unable to make it available. Many UK institutions offer free download to the researcher. A small number of participating institutions do not offer Open Access, and the researcher may have to pay for digitization in that case. EThOS is operated by The British Library on a not-for-profit basis and charges are set only to cover costs.

Need to find German language dissertations? The German National Bibliography compiled by Die Deutsche Bibliothek includes all unpublished German doctoral dissertations, but the dissertation portion (section H) is apparently not included in the public web catalog for DDB. (You will find plenty of published German dissertations in DDB, however, and a high percentage of German dissertations are eventually published. There is no reliable way to limit results to dissertations but the stichwort "diss" appears in many dissertation records.) The University of Tübingen has the biggest collection of theological and religious literature in Germany, and the public web catalog does include some unpublished dissertations. The German document delivery service Subito lists some unpublished dissertations along with books. There is an English interface. Searching is free but you must pay for document delivery. Finally, the University of Duesseldorf has collected links to nearly every free database that lists German "Hochschulschriften". It is tedious to use but thorough.

French dissertations are even harder to track down. There are a couple of free French dissertations databases, including thesa.inist.fr/eng/recherche.htm, and www.abes.fr, but they are small and so far they do not seem to include theology or religion. The public catalog to Bibliothèque nationale de France does not appear to include a significant number of unpublished dissertations. Let us know if you find a good source for French dissertations.

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Ebooks and Ejournals

  • BIBLOS includes records for thousands of full-text ebooks, including some (not all) of our e-book collection and all of our TREN thesis collection. Use the special Internet resources search screen or use the PowerSearch screen and limit to location Internet.
  • Ebooks on EBSCO
  • Most of the ejournals available from the library are included in the OCLC WMS ejournal listing. Use this resource if you want to know if a specific journal is available full-text online. See Finding Online Journals for a brief tutorial.
  • Google Books. Notice this is books.google.com, not generic google.com. Google has scanned millions of books, including many theological works. Google Books indexes the complete contents (every word) of the books. Google Books allows you to display, copy, print, and download the complete contents of works published before 1923 because such works are no longer protected by copyright. Google Books displays limited portions of works that may still be protected by copyright law, and it does not support copying, printing, or downloading even of single pages from those works. Of course you are especially interested in more recent works for your research, so the free online books will not meet all your needs. Nevertheless, Google Books is a great way to identify relevant recent books that you can buy or borrow from a library. To locate books unavailable from DTS, just click the "Find this book in a library" link Google displays. This will search for the book in WorldCat. Supply your zip code and WorldCat will tell you which libraries near you own the book.
  • Google Scholar with proxy link. Notice this is scholar.google.com, not generic google.com. And notice if you connect to Google Scholar by using a link from the libarary website, it will include a proxy service. What does all of this mean? As always, Google Scholar attempts to retrieve only "scholarly" materials. (That seems to mean works that include footnotes and similar citations.) This is much more selective than generic google.com. In addition, links to Google Scholar from the library website provide something special: a proxy link so that licensed (paid, commercial, restricted-access) items retrieved by Google such as JSTOR articles will be authenticated through our proxy server. In other words you will be able to view more full-text articles with this link than you would be able to view if you just navigated to Google Scholar and searched without the proxy.
  • GCS: Theological Journals Search. A Google custom search which covers about 250 open access (free) religious magazines and journals.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: It is possible to limit WorldCat searches to electronic resources (mostly ebooks, but also web pages) by picking "Internet Resources" as the limit type.

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Librarianship and Library catalogs

Librarianship etc.

Some libraries in the DFW area

Libraries worldwide

  • The European Library offers access to digital and bibliographical resources of the 48 national libraries of Europe. Allows searching for title, author, subject, etc., using the Boolean operators, And, Or, and Not. ([AND] is the default operator.) Includes a virtual keyboard for special characters in foreign languages. Searches only a selection of the available collections by default. But allows users to browse the resources of any country under Collections and to select more resources to search. Displays both collections searched and results by collection for any search. Links to online digital resources. Full records (available by clicking the title of the summary records) offer e-mailing and printing options. Free to all from the Conference of European National Librarians (CENL).
  • Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, and the LC catalog covers much (but not all) of what LC owns. The depth is staggering. Search for Bible passages in the subject index with entries like this: Bible N.T. Matthew V-VII (note Roman numerals). WorldCat is more complete.
  • British Library. The BL aims to collect all British publications on all topics. The public catalog only covers from about 1975 to date. Each record includes a note indicating whether it is available through the Document Supply Center. Searching is free but document delivery costs are quite substantial.
  • Amicus. Over 25 million records describing books, magazines, government documents, dissertations, sound recordings, maps, etc., from over 1,300 Canadian libraries. Includes many records from the Library of Congress.
  • KATALOG DER DEUTSCHEN NATIONALBIBLIOTHEK includes records for all German-language publications on all topics, 1945 to date. Records created before 1986 do not have subject headings. The public search engine is rather limited and the database appears to be only a subset of the total database. STN provides a superior search engine for publications 1972 to date, but DTS does not currently have a subscription to this database and cannot provide access for you.
  • The University of Tübingen has the biggest collection of theological and religious literature in Germany. Click the British flag icon or the icon that says English to get the English language interface. There are three major limitations. First, the online catalog does not yet show the complete library holdings; items published 1850-1963 are missing. Second, subject headings are in German. Third, some (older?) records lack subject headings. ("Schlagwortketten" in a record indicates subjects.) A keyword (title) search for "Galatians," for example, brings up 127 records, of which 53 do not have "Galaterbrief" as a subject. Search the Index to find an exact subject term or correct spelling for any field.
  • Kirchlicher Verbundkatalog is a union catalogue of about 74 (mostly very small) theological libraries in Germany with about one million monographs and 240,000 articles. On the home page, click "Internet Version" to get to the search page. The interface is in German. Records include books, essays, articles, and a few dissertations. Search for both English and German words in the title field (titelstichwort) to maximize results. For example, a search for "Galatians or Galaterbrief" brings up 387 records, which is an overlap of only 25 records. A search will give a list of results, each result listing the title, author, and year. To see more of a record, check the box to its left and click Markierte Titel Zeigen. SW indicates subject headings on these records. To go forward in a list, click Naechste Seite; to do a new search, click Suchmaske.
  • Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  • École Biblique et Archéologique Française indexes books, journal articles, and essays, most of them dealing with biblical exegesis and archaeology of the Near East, as well as the language and literature of people of the Ancient Near East. Strong in Palestine and Qumran studies. Uses a French or English interface with French subjects. Search the Library Catalogue or Title field in English and examine hit records to find French subject headings. The gospel of Matthew, for example, is written "Matthieu (livre canonique NT)". The advanced search allows you to choose a book, chapter, article, periodical, map, etc. Search indexes for author, series, or subject. The default search operator is AND. Search also with NOT and OR, but not *. The program appears to search for character strings, as a search for "mark" (without quotes) will retrieve results containing the word "remarks". Add records to a cart and e-mail the cart.
  • The library catalog of the Catholic University of Louvain provides a useful listing of French language theological works. From the home page click Le catalogue. In the upper right corner, choose English as the language. You are now at a browse screen in English. From the initial search screen, click Keyword to do a search directly instead of browsing. Here you have a total of ten field choices, including series title, publisher, ISBN, and abstract. Use Boolean operators between fields as necessary. There is no subject field. On the initial search screen click Broadcast to do a simultaneous search of the Louvain catalog and six libraries, including LC and the National Library of Canada.
  • Use Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome for Italian sources; other databases are better for English, French or German works. The PBI database has an English interface. However, subject headings are in Italian. Further, books of the Bible are designated by Latin names, not Italian. For example, a subject search for "Galatians," "Galaterbrief," or "Galati" (English, German, and Italian, resp.) brings up no records. "Galatas," (Latin) brings up 293 hits. Finding the proper Latin form can be perplexing. The problem comes in when the book name does not correspond exactly to the form in the Latin Bible you may use. "Luke" is "Secundum Lucam" and "John" is "Secundum Iohannem" in the Latin Bible. However, the forms used in the database are "Lucas" and "Joannes," resp. You can find book names by searching for the English in Any Keyword and examining the subject headings in records you retrieve. Also you can bring up book names with a browse if you know the first letter or two of the book.
  • National library of Israel
  • LibDex provides links to library catalogs worldwide.

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Library ownership: Which library owns this book?

Ever want to know if any library in the Dallas-Fort Worth area owns a given book or journal? Here is how to find out.

  • WorldCat reports items owned by thousands of libraries worldwide, including many libraries in the DFW area. Search WorldCat by author, title or subject. Once you have retrieved a record, click the "libraries worldwide that own this item" link. WorldCat often has more than one record for a given work. For example, there may a record for a hardback edition, another for a paperback edition, yet another for a British edition, etc. So you may need to check more than one record to determine if a local library owns what you want.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: While WorldCat is a great way to determine if any local library owns an item, the best way to determine if a given book is checked-out or available on the shelf is to search the catalog of that particular local library.

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Spanish language resources

  • Fuente Academica provides article citations for 450 scholarly Spanish and Portugese language journals. Most include full text. Covers agriculture, business, medical sciences, psychology, political science, law, computer science, literature, linguistics, history, philosophy, and theology. Very little overlap with Academic Search. Records may include subject headings, author supplied keywords, abstracts, but many records lack all three. It is wise to search in English and Spanish and Portugese.
  • Aunque el título no lo indica, el Manual de Estudios de América Latina (HLAS) es una bibliografía y no un manual ni enciclopedia. Este manual contiene una lista de libros en todos los idiomas referente a América Latina. WorldCat incluye mucho más material acerca de América Latina, pero HLAS es de mucho valor porque únicamente proporciona libros de alta calidad académica y porque cada cita incluye una anotación.
    Despite the title, Handbook of Latin American Studies is a bibliography not a handbook or encyclopedia. It lists books in all languages about Latin America. WorldCat includes much more material about Latin America, but HLAS is valuable because it lists only high quality scholarly books and because each citation includes an annotation.
  • LANIC (Red de Centro de Información de América Latina) contiene una lista de más de 12,000 recursos acerca de América Central y Sur América. Contiene una sección especial acerca de aspectos religiosos de Centro y Sur América. LANIC es la anfitriona de dos índices de periódicos importantes. LAPROX (Tablas de Contenidos de Periódicos de América Latina) cubre una variedad de temas, incluyendo el tema de teología. Se pueden realizar búsquedas por autor, títulos de periódicos, o títulos de artículos. Los registros no tienen encabezados de tema por lo que debe realizar su búsqueda con palabras que Ud. esperaría aparecieran en los títulos. LANIC proveerá copias de los artículos a través del pago de una cuota.
    LANIC (Latin American Network Information Center) lists over 12,000 Internet resources about Central and South America. There is a special section about Religion in Central and South America. LANIC will provide copies of the articles for a fee.
  • UNAM (Universidad Autónoma de México) en www.dgbiblio.unam.mx/ provee acceso gratis a varias bases de datos útiles incluyendo las siguientes. Citas Latinoamericanas en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades (CLASE) cita 180,000 artículos y reseñas de libros desde 1975 a la fecha en las áreas de ciencias sociales y humanidades, incluyendo aspectos religiosos. Índice de Revistas Latinoamericanas en Ciencias (PERIÓDICA) cubre artículos de periódicos de ciencia y tecnología. Catálogo General de Libros (LIBRUNAM) es una unión de los catálogos de libros de todas las bibliotecas en el sistema de la UNAM. Puede realizar búsquedas por autor, título o tema. El Catálogo Hemerográfico Nacional (SERIUNAM) es una lista unificada de 46,000 series; busque el título de un periódico en esta base de datos para descubrir qué volúmenes específicamente son sostenidos por cada biblioteca en el sistema de la UNAM.
    UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico) at www.dgbiblio.unam.mx/ provides free access to several useful databases including the following. Citas Latinoamericanas en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades (CLASE) cites 180,000 articles and book reviews from 1975 to date in the social sciences and humanities including some coverage of religion. Indice de Revistas Latinoamericanas en Ciencias (PERIÓDICA) covers articles in science and technology journals. Catálogo General de Libros (LIBRUNAM) is a union catalog of books in all libraries in the UNAM system. You may search by author, title, or subject. Catálogo Hemerográfico Nacional (SERIUNAM) is a union list of 46,000 serials; search a journal title in this database to discover which specific volumes are held by each library in the UNAM system.
  • Dialnet provides access to tables of contents to over 3000 Spanish language journals in humanities, social sciences, and science. Also indexes a small number of essays in books. Includes some abstracts but little full text. Contains little on Bible passages, but search for dios, teologia, apostol, musulmana, resurreccion, iglesia, or biblia for many results, not all theological. Click the Journals link to look for a particular journal or to see the journal list for a particular subject area. Religion, under Humanities, lists 65 journals. Click a journal title to go to the tables of contents. Choose English or Spanish for menu options, but search in Spanish. (Some English works, too, but retrieves less.) Register to receive table of contents alerts. Dialnet is provided free courtesy of a group of about 15 libraries.
  • Desarrollo Cristiano Internacional es un buen medio de acceso a recursos evangélicos teológicos y pastorales en el idioma español.
    Desarrollo Cristiano Internacional is a good gateway to evangelical Spanish language theological and pastoral resources.

The library has two print bibliographies which cover Spanish language theological literature thoroughly: Bibliografía teológica comentada (now defunct), and Bibliografia bíblica latino-americana. For full bibliographic information, location, and call numbers of print volumes, click BTCAI or BBLA.

Additional resources pointer Additional resources/cross-references: WorldCat includes citations to many Spanish Language books.

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